Stephen Carroll, a freelance photographer from Reston, Virginia, specializes in artwork for book covers, with more than 400 (mostly novels) to his credit. They’re not just any book covers, though. His genius lies in creating film noir-like scenes, complete with desperate lovers, soaked T-shirts, smoking […]
Two “Camps” Of Style And Vision
There was a time when all wedding photography was pretty much the same. Well-trained photographers worked from “shot lists” and used high-end, medium format equipment. They took wedding portraits (many in-studio) whose hallmarks included great color, sharp details, beautiful lighting, and well-posed subjects. Wedding albums were filled with 8x10”, 8x8”, and 5x7” prints of carefully posed images of couples, their families, and the bridal party, all smiling nicely for the camera. These traditional photographers often took charge at the wedding and everything unfolded on their timetable so each shot would be as perfect as possible. The wedding party also spent considerable time posing for photos before, during, and after the event.
The less-controlled photojournalism style took hold about 12-15 years ago when photographers such as Denis Reggie and Bambi Cantrell began to photograph weddings like photojournalists, often using 35mm cameras. They captured the event as it unfolded without asking people to pose or stop and smile for the camera. There are no hard and fast rules for “wedding journalism” as it is all about documenting the day in an informal/artistic manner. Wedding journalism—and digital cameras—also opened the door for many more photographers, some as skilled as the traditionalists, some not, which created more competition for photographers, but also more options for the public.
Today, when describing their photographic style, wedding photographers typically label themselves as either photojournalists or traditionalists. Former newspaper photographers Andrew Niesen and Rachel LaCour Niesen, co-owners of Atlanta-based wedding studio LaCour (www.lacourphoto.com), and creators of ShootQ (www.ShootQ.com), a studio management solution for photographers, made the switch from news journalism to wedding journalism in 2001. Their approach to photographing a wedding is the same as a news event, which is to follow the story as it happens and allow it to unfold before their eyes. The couple document weddings in real time using a hands-off approach, which, Andrew notes, is the closest thing to their training.
“We feel the pictures we’re making are really treasured by the families even though [the images] have a very small audience as opposed to magazines. We really feel we are doing something very important for our clients.”
Though the way they earn their living has changed, the Niesens say their photographic style has not, except for some minor tweaking. For instance, they’ve adapted their approach from pure photojournalism—where it’s all about the moment—to photojournalism that’s something their clients want. “With photojournalism,” Rachel explains, “we were capturing top news events and dealing with a wide range of subject matter. We realize that sometimes the more bizarre ‘artistic images’ that we appreciate as photojournalists may not be appreciated by many of our clients.”
The Niesens originally pursued photojournalism as a career so they could be witnesses on the front lines of history. However, they feel good about trading their front row seat to world history for a smaller one in family history. “In a lot of ways it’s just as powerful and more meaningful work because each family will treasure those photos for generations,” Rachel concludes. “It’s a special feeling to know the pictures we’re making for our clients will be used as a foundation for their family legacy for generations.”Robert Lino (www.robertlino.com), a portrait and wedding photographer for the past 35 years, believes the more traditional style lost favor when it became overly complicated. There were too many complex backdrops and too much time was spent in the studio away from the wedding. “I believe that’s one reason the photojournalism style became so popular,” Lino reiterates, “because brides didn’t want to spend the whole night in front of a painted background.”Lino says his work can be described as formal and elegant, with feeling. “My images are very controlled and very directed in order to look very natural,” Lino explains, who says he developed his style partly through observation.“I also learned from the masters and all the photographers who broke the rules; but I gave it my own twist and my own interpretation.“For many years people hired professional wedding photographers. Now, we’re in an era where anybody can shoot a wedding.” Lino believes taking a little more care with images, such as making sure the couple holds the knife correctly when cutting the cake, and taking a few formal pictures in front of a nice background (not a backdrop, but a pretty window, etc.), would go a long way in getting people to hire professionals instead of having a bunch of people with decent cameras shooting thousands of pictures in the hopes of capturing 20 good ones.
Lino does credit photojournalists for educating consumers about the kinds of images they should have. “Many years ago,” Lino says, “the average bride would not buy a picture where she was not facing the camera smiling. But photojournalists promoted the idea that they needed photographs of the cake, flowers, and shoes, because they’d spent a lot of time and money on the details. In the past wedding photographers thought they had to be either extremely journalistic or extremely traditional, but now they’re beginning to realize there is a happy medium between the two styles that provides complete coverage of the event.”
Your Style, Your Viewpoint
Though most wedding photographers lean toward either the traditional or journalistic approach, it’s still important to develop a style that sets you apart from the crowd. Unfortunately, many photographers photograph using someone else’s style because they don’t have confidence in their own. Photographer Tony Hewitt (www.tonyhewitt.com) states, “Your viewpoint is something no one else in the world shares.
“Yet so many people coming into the industry think if they can copy so-and-so’s work to a ‘T,’ then they will be a good photographer. But the best photographers are the ones who break free and have their own vision, which becomes the one others want to copy. A photographer’s role is to show the rest of the world how they see.” Hewitt says photographers need to develop their ability to see what others don’t, and to trust that their perspective is unique. “The challenge as a photographer is to express that unique perspective through skill, technique, and equipment.”
Weddings have a lot of things in common—a ceremony, a first dance, a cake, etc. Weddings may seem repetitive, but they’re really not. These differences are where a photographer can excel. Hewitt says the unique thing about every wedding is the chemistry between the couple, and if you can focus on that chemistry, you will find the source of creativity for that wedding.
For inspiration, Hewitt looks at the work of colleagues both inside and outside the industry, at his daughter’s Facebook pictures, television, fashion magazines, and art and makeup advertisements. By looking at images from a wide cross section of the marketplace, Hewitt can see how the market changes and evolves. In the end, Hewitt says, when people are looking for a photographer, they will buy the person before they’ll buy the style, technique, reputation, and awards. “I truly believe that. All those things may lead them to you, but the interaction and the way they feel around you will be the major factor behind their decision. Very few brides want to be around someone who makes them feel uncomfortable.”
Lino also advises photographers, especially newcomers, not to follow trends or to copy other people’s styles—and don’t be too concerned about the competition, as there’s enough work to go around. “Stay focused on your own business and developing your own style because a time will come when people recognize your style and seek you out. It’s also a time when price or location does not become the determining factor in booking you,” Lino concludes. “You’ll know when your style is really working when clients call and ask if you’re available for a certain date before they ask how much you charge.”
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