Quick Tip: How Does Shutter Speed Affect Video?

When talking about video, many people refer the “cinematic” or “videoish” looks. Cinematic is in. Everyone wants to make sure their videos look like they came from a Hollywood backlot. One of the most basic methods of changing the look is by controlling the shutter speed.

We all know the effects of shutter speed on stills, from long exposures more than eight seconds to 1/250th flash sync to 1/2000th action shooting. This flexibility isn’t available with video, however, as the slowest possible (though not necessarily available in-camera) speed is the reciprocal of the frame rate. So what should you be thinking about when adjusting your shutter speed? Here are five things to focus on:

1. 24 or 25 Frames per Second

If you’re shooting for that filmic look, you should ideally be shooting at 24 frames a second (or 23.976, as is often the case on HDSLRs). If you’re looking to shoot for TV, shoot at 25p (that is, 25fps, progressive scan) in PAL countries and 30p in NTSC countries. Usually regional firmware variants enforce this distinction anyway. Why does the frame rate matter? That takes us to point two:

2. Shutter Angle and Shutter Speed

Shutter speed is also one of the aspects of the “film look.” If you’re aiming for cinematic, get used to thinking about shutter angle, and converting between that and shutter speed. Filmic images almost always use a 180° shutter angle, that is, half of the reciprocal of the frame rate. So a 180° shutter at 24p is 1/48 sec. The closest speed to this available on a DSLR is 1/50 sec.

Shutter angle originally was used with rotary shutters, but now must be translated to curtain shutters. 360° translates to a shutter speed of 1/the frame rate. 180° is 1/double the frame rate, and gets faster from there.

At 30p, it would be 1/60 sec. This look has been socially imprinted on us from decades of movies shot at 24 frames with a 180° shutter, and it’s a simple method of putting more apparent production value on-screen.

The other basic shutter angles are 360°, 90° and 45°. At 24p, these in theory would be 1/24 sec, 1/96 sec, and 1/192 sec. These of course aren’t precisely available on DLSRs, so you just have to use the closest one you can find.


3. Under Normal Circumstances

Moving away from 180° shutter tends to look bad in most circumstances. Using 360° shutter (1/30 at 24p is the closest I can get on a T3i, 1/60th is available at 720p60, however) creates twice as much motion blur as we’re used to seeing, and gives the footage a vague quality which can look like bad night-vision video.

Going up to 90° and 45° shutter usually gives the picture an uncomfortably crisp look that’s usually referred to as the “video look” or looks “video-y.” This tends to be the result you get from cheap camcorders, news footage, or daytime TV. Generally not what we’re going after!

4. Using Angles to Your Advantage

To every rule, there’s an exception. Other shutter angles can be used for effect, if done carefully and well. For example, the D-Day beach scene of Saving Private Ryan uses a 45° shutter with a modified film advance timing system in order to recreate the sharp, jerky quality of WWII newsreel.

In Gladiator, battle scenes were shot with a 45° shutter to create a stark, staccato feel, adding grit, literally. The dust particles showed up in sharp relief when they would normally blur out. If you’re trying to create a dreamy or intoxicated effect, 360° shutter could also be worth a try as long as you have sufficient camera stabilization.

5. High Speed Shooting

Finally, when shooting high-speed for slow motion video, the 180° shutter angle is still the best-looking option. Common sense says that when shooting at 60p to conform to 24p, a 360° shutter would be best to maintain approximately the same level of motion blur as a 180° shutter at 24p. However in practice, this doesn’t work, as our eyes understand the slow motion and still expect to see a 180° shutter angle along with the associated reduced motion blur.

This is related to a phenomenon called cadence, which is the amount or quality of motion of subjects between frames. Just like the 180° shutter angle itself, our media-saturated brains understand cadence well and adjust accordingly.





Rob Taylor

Rob is an English artist and writer living in the US, in the process of transitioning out of his comfort zone of nature photography towards more commercial work. He’s usually around on Twitter.

Topic Filter: Commercial / Landscape / Portrait / Stock / What's Hot

Related Tutorials


Martin Lawrence

After many years as a keen amateur photographer, I decided to start a small landscape photography business called Lakescenes which I ran alongside my main job as an IT Manager. As business increased, I found myself working long, but rewarding, hours just to keep up […]

Read More

Rob Sheppard

Rob Sheppard is a naturalist, nature photographer and videographer who says his favorite location is the one he is in at any time. He is the author/photographer of over 40 books, as well as a well-known speaker and workshop leader, and a Fellow with the […]

Read More

Gary Hart

Gary Hart has photographed California’s natural beauty for over 30 years. Gary’s photos and writing have appeared in many publications, most recently Outdoor Photographer and Sierra Heritage magazines. You’ll also find his images in greeting cards, postcards, calendars, and many galleries and private collections throughout the world.

Read More

Jaroslav Wieczorkiewicz

Originally from Poland, based in London UK, Jaroslav has background in Fine Arts, degree in Architecture, and wide array of experience. Being an Architect taught him how to be resourceful and to solve complex problems with simple, yet innovative solutions. Constant passion for graphic & […]

Read More

What's Hot

How Not To Shoot Sharp Pictures

Deliberately shooting Unsharp pictures…..Why? Wouldn’t it be just a little bit, well…naughty? Of course it would, which is why it’s so much fun. It’s not as though the ‘focus police’ are going to come and check to see you have correctly used your equipment ………….right? […]

Read More

Beauty Lighting for Stills and Video

Trying New Things I definitely fall into the category of photographers who get bored doing the same thing over and over again. Although I am often hired to shoot a style that my clients see on my website or portfolio, or shoot images for a […]

Click to Watch

Taking Control of Contrast, Saturation and Sharpness

Taking Control of Contrast, Saturation and Sharpness is at the very heart of photography. When you shoot a photo on your camera one of two things happen. Either the camera saves the image as a Raw file or as a Jpeg. The fundamental difference between […]

Read More